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Ric Ocasek

by Ashley Andersen
September 16, 2019

It was Ric Ocasek’s band, his unique singing voice and songwriting abilities that helped to shape the New Wave music genre of the 1980’s. Ocasek was born in 1944 and raised in Baltimore, Maryland. He would go on to meet Benjamin Orr in 1965 after seeing Orr’s band The Grasshopper’s perform on The Big Five.

Ocasek and Orr would create several different music groups, which included: Milkwood, Richard and the Rabbits and Cap’n Swing. It was through these early groups that Ocasek and Orr would go on to form the band known as The Cars.

Early promo picture of The Cars. From Left to Right: Benjamin Orr, Greg Hawkes, Ric Ocasek, Elliot Easton and David Robinson.

From 1978 to 1988, The Cars sold over $23 million albums and had over seventeen hit songs on the charts. These hits became some of the most indelible songs of the 1980’s and ultimately classic rock including, “My Best Friend’s Girl, “Bye Bye Love”, and “Drive.”  The Cars officially disbanded in 1988. The Cars were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2018.

“In 1988, Ocasek removed himself from the public eye for a short while after The Cars break up. In 1990,  he released his solo album “Fireball Zone.” This was not his first. He released his first solo album, “Beatitude” in 1982. Ironically, it included several members of The Cars including Orr, Easton, and Hawkes. The song “Emotion in Motion” reached # 15 on the charts. In 1993, Ocasek released “Quick Change World.”

 An experimental album,”Getchertiktz” in 1996 would feature a collaboration with Ocasek and Alan Vega from Suicide. On top of the experimental sound effects was the beatnik poetry by Canadian Gillian McCain. None of Ocasek’s solo material received the same amount of critical acclaim as he had experienced while playing in The Cars. When Benjamin Orr passed away in 2000, Ocasek wrote the song “Silver” as a dedication to his former bandmate. It appeared on his solo album “Nexturday,” which was released in 2005.

Ocasek became respected as a music producer. He worked with a variety of different bands including Bad Brains, Bad Religion, Romeo Void, No Doubt, Black 47, D Generation, the Wannadies, Possum Dixon and Jonathan Richman. Ocasek also produced three albums for Weezer. Viturally all of Ocasek’s recordings were destroyed in the Universal Studios Fire of 2008.

Ocasek wrote a book of poetry called Negative Theatre in 1993. He had two small acting parts in the films “Hairspray” and “Made in Heaven.” Ric Ocasek was found dead in his apartment by his estranged wife Paulina Porizkova on September 15th, 2019. Police have determined that there was no foul play however the cause of Ocasek’s death remains unknown. He is survived by his six sons. Our thoughts and prayers go out to Ric Ocasek’s family.


Who Is Brian Eno? The Complete Story

by Ashley Andersen
Brian Eno – 2019. © NME.

 If you examine the back of just about any popular ’80’s underground band or solo artist, it is highly probable Brian Eno’s name will be listed in the credits. I discovered this frequently with my own vinyl record collection in high school. It made me ask the question, who is Brian Eno? To reveal all about this extraordinarily talented man is complex and would require turning this particular blog into a book. 

So, In ten different ways, I will attempt to provide insight on the impact, innovation, influence that Brian Eno has had for over forty years as a producer, artist, inventor, composer, author and visual artist. This task is not without its challenges. For Brian Eno is not unlike Steve Jobs, regarding Eno’s in terms of his contributions, inventions and influence on the music world.

1. Early Origins...

Brian Peter George St. John le Baptiste de la Salle Eno (born Brian Peter George) was born in England in 1948. He was raised in Suffolk and would go on to attend Ipswich Civic Art College and the Winchester school of Art during the mid ’60’s. While he was a student, Eno studied Experimental Art and Painting.

2. Brian Eno is a founding member of the band Roxy Music.

“As a result of going into a subway station and meeting Andy (saxophonist Andy McKay), I joined Roxy Music, and as a result, I have a career in music. If I had walked ten yards further down the platform, or missed that train, I probably would have been an art teacher now…”

~ Brian Eno

An early promotional photo of Roxy Music, circa 1971. Copyright Warner Bros. (Note: In th early stages or his career Brian Eno just went simply by the stagename Eno.)

 In 1971, Brian Eno gained entry into the music business by becoming a member of the band Roxy Music. Initially, his role in the band was behind the scenes utilizing tape recorders to create loops and delayed sound effects. He also operated the group’s mixing board. His role evolved and he would go on to join his band members on stage playing a MCS3 synthesizer. He was also known for his flamboyant style of dress onstage and heavy make up. In 1973, Eno made the decision to leave the group.

3. Some of Brian Eno's pastimes include experimenting with tape recorders and inventing innovative creative systems...

During the course of his career, Brian Eno has invented some incredible things, including something called Oblique Strategies. Eno created this creative card based system with the help of Peter Schmidt. Like creative tarot cards, they are designed to help inspire and challenge artists and to help them embark on new creative pathways. This system was created in 1975. There have been millions artists and musicians have benefitted from applying this system into their work, including David Bowie.

Oblique Strategies: the creative card based system to help promote creativity in artists. The system was invented by Brian Eno and colleague Peter Schmidt in 1975.

Brian Eno and his friend Robert Fripp (guitarist in King Crimson) helped to popularize a looping effect and delay technique through the use of tape recorders. This recording technique became known as Fripperonics. The process was created by having Fripp play guitar while a tape recorder was rewinding, while another tape machine was recording the sound. It is demonstrated in Eno and Fripp’s collaborative albums No Pussyfooting and Evening Star. These albums were created during the years of 1973 – 1975. Eno has worked extensively with Fripp throughout his entire career.

The 77 Million Paintings by Brian Eno is digital art software program that was created specifically for home computers in 2006. It combines his music composition skills in the genre of both Ambient and Generative Music. Oh by the way, Eno is credited with invention both of these music styles…  

This computer program also demonstrates Eno’s talents as a painter and visual artist. The paintings by Eno were done on glass slides. With each launching of this amazing computer program new examples of paintings and music can be seen heard for a predicted total of 77 million possible different outcomes.

4. Brian Eno's Songwriting abilities helped to inspire the evolution of Punk Rock music.

Brian Eno’s second solo album “Taking Tiger Mountain (By Strategy)” released in 1974

On his second solo album Taking Tiger Mountain (By Strategy) released in 1974. Eno applied his Oblique Strategies creative system his own songwriting and one of the results was Third Uncle. The cards also helped to alter the way recording and studio work had previously been approached.

Eno’s application of Oblique Strategies into the lyrics of Third Uncle resulted in words sounding random, accidental and more like a percussive instrument. There definitely does not seem to be any rhyme or reason to it. This song is considered to be a predecessor and an inspirational anthem of the punk rock music movement.

The band Bauhaus covered Third Uncle on their album The Skies Gone Out released in 1982. You know you are doing something pretty cool when one of the most popular, influential and respected bands within the genre of gothic rock decides that they want to do a cover one of one your songs…

5. Brian Eno and David Bowie were buddies...

“David’s death came as a complete surprise as did nearly everything else about him. I feel a huge gap now. We knew each other for over forty years, in a friendship that was always tinged by (comic characters) Pete and Dud…” 


~ Brian Eno.

The connection between David Bowie and Brian Eno was significant and they were great friends as well as collaborators. Eno produced what is now referred to as the Berlin Trilogy by Bowie. These albums are Low, Heroes and Lodger. He also performed on these albums and live with Bowie on numerous occasions. In 1997, Eno co – wrote the song I’m Afraid of Americans, with Bowie, which was released as a single on the album Earthling. The song gained first gained  popularity in the movie Showgirls. Eno played synthesizer on the song and also helped to write the lyrics. Bowie described what the lyrics meant to him in this way while traveling in Java: 

“It’s not truly hostile about Americans as say, Born in the U.S.A., it’s more sardonic…” 

“The invasion of any homogenized culture is so depressing, the erection of another Disneyworld in, say, Umbria, Italy more so. It strangles the indigenous culture and narrows the expression of life…”

 I’m Afraid of Americans (V1) is a remix version of the song featuring Trent Reznor. Reznor sang backing vocals, played bass, drums and guitar on this version as well. The remix was produced by Nine Inch Nails.  A video for the song features Bowie and Reznor and was directed by Nick Goffey and Dominic Hawley. The video received one grammy nomination.

The friendship between Bowie and Eno has been immortalized in a cartoon created by the Brothers McLeod. This cartoon makes loving fun of Bowie and Eno’s creative process along with producer Tony Visconti for the album “Warzsawa”. 

6. Brian Eno was featured on a children's album.

In 1975 Brian Eno played “The Wolf” on his synthesizer for the adaptation of Peter and The Wolf by Russian composer Sergei Prokofiev. This rock and roll opera was created by Jack Lancaster and Robin Lunley. It was narrated by Viv Stanshall

During the early years of his career, Brian Eno went by simply Eno as seen on the album cover. Eno brought his signature bloops and bleeps on his synthesizer and combined  forces with the band Manfred Mann, Julie Driscoll, Phil Collins and many, many other talented musicians. Prokofiev originally wrote Peter and the Wolf Op. 67 in 1936. 

A picture of Russian composer Sergei Prokofiev early on in his career.

7. Brian Eno has created and popularized two musical genres.

Brian Eno has created several different ambient music albums. In 1975, Eno and Robert Fripp collaborated on the album No Pussyfooting. It was the result of the two experimenting with new techniques for recording with tape machines. In describing his process of creating ambient music Eno recommends, “it must be as ignorable as it is interesting…”

He concentrated in highlighting the environment in his compositions. Perhaps Eno’s best known composition for this style of music is Ambient 1: Music for Airports released in 1978. The album is listed in the book 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die. With his incredible knack of making creative systems, Eno created a whole new genre known as generative music. (For an in depth study on how this genre of music is created, click on the hyperlink above.) It should be also noted that Brian Eno has been credited with creating the Microsoft Sound.

Through the combination of computer technology and his innovative recording techniques, Eno was successful in creating a genre of music capable of self replication known as Generative Music. The result is an infinite blending of multiple tracks. Brian Eno working with other artists has created several sound installations that represent this particular form of music. Some of these include DormientiLightness  –  Music for The Marble PalaceThe Quiet Room and Music For Prague.

In order to achieve this type of musical composition, Brian Eno began by working with SSEYO KOAN PRO, which evolved into Wotja and, which is a music engine sound system. This system is also known by its technical name (IME) – Intermorphic Music Engine and its co – founder Tiim Cole. These various musical sound engines allow composers to put their own unique personality and also get completely unexpected, self generating musical pieces.

 Brian Eno has created Apps for iPhone, iPad, or Apple TV, which constantly remix all of his latest musical compositions. One of the most popular ones is Reflection, which is the Eno’s twenty sixth studio album.

8. Despite an extremely large amount of evidence to suggest that he is one, Brian Eno does not consider himself to be a musician.

Yes, you read that correctly. Brian Eno considers himself to be a “Non – Musician.” He instead sees himself using the music recording studio as a compositional tool. It was while studying experimental music in college he first began to see tape recorders as being musical instruments. After attending a lecture from The Who guitarist Pete Townshend, Eno realized at that moment that he could create music despite having a formal background or formal training as a musician.

9. Brian Eno: Producer, Musical Collaborator and his music in Film / TV.

The images above provide a small sample of the musical projects Brian Eno has been involved in as a producer, collaborator, or music composer for films. Eno has produced forty three albums, collaborated on twenty six, made eight video albums, created thirteen compilations and released two E.P’s. Perhaps what is more impressive is how Brian Eno is able to traverse effortlessly across vastly different musical genres and work with artists and musicians, who could not be more different…

 He has worked with Italian operatic tenor, Luciano PavarottiLaurie Anderson, Grace Jones, John Cage, Nico, Talking HeadsColdplay, Toto and many, many others… Eno wrote “The Prophecy Theme” for the movie Dune and has composed many other pieces for movie soundtracks and TV shows. Eno’s approach and experience as a record producer is highly respected and has been sought after by some of the greatest bands in the music industry.  

Eno is and often called the “fifth man” in the band U2. Eno produced the  The Unforgettable Fire, The Joshua Tree, Zooropa and Achtung Baby for the band. Bono talks about why U2 specifically wanted to work with Eno:

“I knew he wasn’t a fan of us, it was one of the reasons we got to work with him. I wanted to know the other side of the argument. I knew what was wrong about us… I wanted to find out what wasn’t…”

It is through this kind of honesty and respect that Brian Eno has formed a long lasting partnership with U2. Eno formed other successful partnerships with Bowie, David Byrne, Robert Fripp and more. Recently in 2018, Eno collaborated with Kevin Shields from My Bloody Valentine and the two have plans for an ongoing elaborate solo project..

The Prophecy Theme written by Brian Eno for the movie Dune, starring Sting, Kyle MacLachlan and directed by David Lynch
The song “Only Once Away My Son” by Brian Eno and Kevin Shields released in 2018.

In 1975 – ’78, Brian Eno created a music label in the U.K. called Obscure Records. His label largely represented music that was experimental and compositions from the 20th century. Eno also made an album called Music For Films that features soundtracks for imaginary films. It is an extremely enjoyable Album to listen to.

10. He is an author...

Brian Eno is the author of over twenty three books. Some of his bestsellers include A Year With Swollen Appendices published in 1996. This is a wonderful primary source that explores Eno’s creative process and relationships with bands and artists such as, Talking Heads, Sting, David Bowie, Bono and others.

Brian Eno’s book, A Year With Swollen Appendices

Brian Eno is unique in that he has experienced the music business from every angle. He continues to inspire and create music to this day. The impact he has had on the music world is profound… You might think that with everything that Eno has accomplished during his career, he would not have time to eat, drink or sleep. But, the pictures below prove that Eno has had no problem taking breaks and enjoying precious time with his beloved cats throughout the years. Note: It is rumored that Eno’s black kitty Angel is telepathic!

Image on the left: © Dangerous Minds. Center Image: © Guy Peellaert. Image on the right: © ATP Recordings

Article by Ash Andersen. 

Metallica’s Special Tribute in Moscow, cover of Kino’s song, “Peremen”

by Ashley Andersen
Metallica – 2019. © Herring and Herring.

After nearly four decades, Metallica proves that they still enjoy setting the bar high and challenging themselves as musicians. Metallica’s live performances have become legendary. They have never stopped giving back and paying special tribute to their fans all around the world. Metallica demonstrates that they enjoy stepping outside of their comfort zone by performing special covers such as, “Dancing Queen” by Abba in Sweden. “Take on Me” by AHA in Norway, Rammstein’s “Engel” in Berlin and the work of Ivan Mladec in Prague.

 Metallica carried on this tradition by surprising and electrifying their fans in Moscow while performing at Luzhniki Sports Stadium on their WorldWIred Tour.  On July 21st, in the middle of the concert. bassist Robert Trujillo and lead guitarist Kirk Hammett broke into “Gruppa Krovi” (Blood Type) by the revered, beloved and respected Russian musician / songwriter Viktor Tsoi.

Viktor Tsoi © The Calvert Journal.

Viktor Tsoi and his band Kino gained much popularity during the ’80’s. Tsoi’s song “Changes” became anthem of real change. Mikhail Gorbachev adopted the song as an anthem during Perestroika and he would go on to change the face of Russian politics forever.

Almost by accident, (the song “Changes” was originally about personal change.) Tsoi became a cult hero and revolutionary figure. Like Marc Boland from T-Rex, Tsoi’s career was cut short when he was killed in a car accident in 1991. Metallica’s cover proves that Tsoi’s music still resonates and lives strong in the hearts and minds of the Russian people.

This was no easy feat for vocalist Trujillo to accomplish. He had to first translate the words into Latin and then break it down phonetically. But the reaction of the crowd shows that they appreciated the effort that Metallica made for a show that will never be forgotten by the Russian fans in Moscow.

Metallica lice atLuzhniki Sports Stadium in Moscow, Russia, 2019.

History of Peter Murphy and 11 Nights at (Le) Poisson Rouge – NYC

by Ashley Andersen
Peter Murphy - Bauhaus

Peter Murphy, iconic lead singer, with an incredibly distinctive voice, is an original member of the band Bauhaus. These highly inventive and inspiring “rock and rollers” were some of the pioneers, who created a whole new genre of music, Gothic Rock

The Early Years...

Bauhaus formed  in 1978. The four young men all hailed from Northampton, England. Originally, the band’s name was Bauhaus 1919, giving a nod to when the famous German Bauhaus Art Movement was created. The group ultimately decided to drop 1919 from their band name. However, they kept the font of their band’s name exactly like on building of the art college in Dessau, Germany that the whole band admired so much… 

Peter Murphy, had never sang or written lyrics prior to joining Bauhaus. It was Daniel Ash, who would convince Murphy to become the group’s lead singer and write words to their songs. Ash thought Peter Murphy had exactly the right look for the band. Murphy gave it a shot… The rest as the saying goes in this particular case, is “rock – n – roll history…”

A picture of Bauhaus taken by the British Guardian Newspaper in 1979. The title of the article was called: Bauhaus Invent Goth, which Peter Murphy personally hated. The look on Murphy’s face makes that obvious…
From left to right: Daniel Ash: Guitarist, Kevin Haskins: Drums, Peter Murphy: Lead Vocals, David J.: Bass Guitar.

Daniel Ash, Kevin Haskins, David J. and Peter Murphy entered Beck Recording Studios for the first time as a band. They recorded their legendary song “Bela Lugosi’s Dead,” along with five other tracks to use as their first demo tape.

Kevin Haskins played a wonderful, hypnotic, bossa – nova style drum beat, while Daniel Ash added very experimental guitar riffs and sounds. Bauhaus bassist David J., who’s last name also happens to be Haskins is the older brother of Kevin Haskins. David J. played a very heavy, gloomy, distorted bass line, which was perfect for the song!

Bela Lugosi’s Dead was over nine minutes long. Something in the late 1970’s that was usually very problematic for most radio stations and music labels at that time. The movie Bohemian Rhapsody is a perfect example of why radio stations and music labels had such an aversion to extremely long songs during this era. Small Wonder Records released Bela Lugosi’s Dead as a single in 1979. 

The song received favorable reviews and it was played often on BBC Radio 1Bela Lugosi’s Dead also remained on the British Independent Music Charts for two consecutive years. Popular D.J. John Peel played the song on his nighttime BBC Radio 1 show frequently. No one had heard anything like Bela Lugosi’s Dead prior to 1979… 

The song would go on to be featured as a video during the opening sequence of the cult classic movie, The Hunger. The film was made in 1983 and starred David Bowie, along with beauties, Catherine Deneuve and Susan Sarandon. The film was directed by Tony Scott. If you have not seen this film, I highly recommend it. It is truly remarkable… It should be noted that Peter Murphy and Bauhaus were highly inspired by the late, incredible musician / songwriter David Bowie and his alter ego Ziggy Stardust

As a result of the song and its popularity,  4AD Records signed Bauhaus immediately in 1980. 4AD released Bauhaus first studio recorded album “In The Flat Field” on November 3, 1980. Bauhaus’ popularity became so great that The 4AD Music Label was no longer able to represent them effectively. They signed them on to their sister music label, Beggar’s Banquet. Beggars Banquet would go on to represent the amazing Goth, electronica music pioneer, Gary Numan. They would also go on to represent the band The Cult.

Bauhaus - The Beggar's Banquet Years...

The first Bauhaus studio album on Beggars Banquet was “Mask,” released in October of 1981. This album was quickly followed by The Sky’s Gone Out, which was released on October, 19, 1982. (This album by Bauhaus is yours truly’s personal favorite!) 

Bauhaus fourth album during the 1980’s was Burning From The Inside, recorded in 1983. Peter Murphy was extremely ill during the recording of this particular album. As a result, Daniel Ash had to sing many of the songs on the album. By the time the album was officially released, Bauhaus had broken up as a band… In 2008, Bauhaus released their final album number five, Go Away White.It was the first time Bauhaus as a band had introduced new material since 1983.Ironically, Bauhaus (a very unique sounding band) experienced huge success by doing covers. Bauhaus covered “Ziggy Stardust,” written by David Bowie on his concept album, The Rise and Fall of Ziggy Stardust and the Spiders from Mars released on June 6, 1972. Bauhaus would release their version of Ziggy Stardust a decade later in 1982 on their album The Sky’s Gone Out.

 It was released as a single a went straight to #4 on the U.K. music charts. It also got Bauhaus on to the popular British “Top of The Pops.” It would become Bauhaus’ most successful song ever on the U.K’s music charts.

 Bauhaus also covered “Telegram Sam” It can be found on the Bauhaus album “In The Flat Field.” The song was written by the late Marc Bolan former leader of influential band T – Rex. The Bauhaus cover made it to number 69 on the U.K. music charts.

Peter Murphy has released over ten solo albums throughout the course of his extraordinary career. In 1984, Murphy created a band Dalis Car, with friend and amazing bassist Mick Karn. You may remember Karn as bassist for the popular 1980’s underground band Japan

In this group Karn played bass, keyboards and saxophone. Peter Murphy was lead vocalist and Paul Vincent Lawford was in charge of all rhythmic arrangements for the band. The band released one album, The Waking Hour.

The album came in $30,000 over the $60,000 (U.S. dollars) that Beggar’s Banquet had given them to create the album. “The Waking Hour” was considered to be a commercial failure. Apparently, Murphy and Karn had a hard time working together, while recording in the studio. Karn had this to say during an interview, when he was asked about why the album had flopped,

“It was a particularly difficult project. We were two very different people…”

The Ruby Celebration Tour...

In 2018, Peter Murphy went on the Ruby Celebration Tour with former bandmate, bassist and Co – founder of Bauhaus David J. 

This tour was commemorating forty years of Bauhaus and their incredible music. Murphy and J. on this tour played the amazing Bauhaus album “In The Flat Field,” in its entirety every single night during the Ruby Celebration Tour. The tour began in the U.K, went on to Europe and Oceania… 

Peter Murphy and David J. played an exhausting ninety three shows while on this tour. During this tour millions of Bauhaus fans were stunned when it was discovered that Murphy had been thrown out of his own show in Stockholm, Sweden. Apparently Murphy was infuriated with the sound technician during this particular performance… 

“The world famous goth rock star Peter Murphy, 61, was thrown out by organizers from his concert at Nalen in Stockholm on Wednesday night. The rejection was preceded by Murphy throwing bottles from the stage that injured a concert visitor in the face. When Murphy was thrown out, he ended up fighting with guards…”

 Swedish newspaper ~ Dagens Nyheter (Translated into English)

Murphy earned a well deserved rest and hiatus after the Ruby Celebration Tour. He recuperated in Instanbul, Turkey. Murphy has called Turkey his home since 1992. It is also the birthplace of his wife, Beyhan Murphy. She is the head choreographer of the Turkish National Modern Dance Group. The couple have been married since 1982. Murphy considers himself to be a Sufi, Muslim. The singer has some very exciting news to share with fans all around the world and particularly those, who reside in New York City!   

Peter Murphy Residancy at (Le) Poisson Rouge - NYC

Peter Murphy will be giving concert performances from August 2 – 18 at (Le) Poisson Rouge in New York City! He will be performing his solo albums in their entirety!

Aug. 2nd: Should the World Fall Apart

Aug 3rd: Love Hysteria

Aug 5th: Deep

Aug 8th: Holy Smoke

Aug 9th: Cascade

 Aug 10th: Dust

Aug 12th: Ninth

Aug 13th: Lion

Aug: 15th Greatest Hits

Aug 16th: Mr. Moonlight (Bauhaus Songs)

Aug 18th: Tribute to David Bowie

Buy tickets, see these shows and remember the cause that you are supporting! By performing these shows Peter Murphy is reminding generations of fans both young and old about the legacy of Goth Rock. How this music is still loved and inspires millions fans, bands and musicians today. A legacy that started with Bauhaus and that Murphy is carrying on as a solo artist, singer, musician and songwriter.

Johnny Depp “Heroes ” – Hollywood Vampires

by Ashley Andersen
A screen shot of the video “Heroes,” performed  by Johnny Depp and his band “Hollywood Vampires. 

When one thinks of John Christopher Depp II, who is known the world over by his stage name Johnny Depp; we automatically think of an incredibly talented and versatile method actor. Depp first rose to fame when he starred in the highly popular television series 21 Jump Street, which was featured on the Fox network from 1987 to 1991. Depp played an extremely young looking undercover cop in the series. This role instantly made him become a teen idol, which made both women and men absolutely swoon with his every move…

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